What is Resistance training? Paradoxically it’s more modern view is adopted to give the image of people exercising using rubber bands, ropes/pulleys or medicine balls etc.
Essentially; using resistance is how we increase total body efficiency, resistance develops muscle and tendon strength as well as increasing bone density and physical endurance.
Whether you’re new to resistance training or not, resistance training can be accomplished at home, in a gym, your back yard, basement or Community Park.
Resistance Training is: almost any form of physical activity or exercise you preform using your own body weight or external resistance to increase the force against gravity.
Whatever your view of resistance training is; it’s simple by definition: using your body or external objects to increase body efficiency. You can Use: ropes, bands, rocks, bricks, pails of water including barbells, dumbbells or weight machines found at your local gym, anything that adds resistance.
Any form of resistance exercise that forces the muscles to contract harder than they would normally without resistance, so...
A better question might be, what is resistance training going to give you – resistance produces a muscular contraction, there are 3 different types of contractions; 2 of these can be referred to as (Isotonic).
The concentric force of the muscle contraction is the
positive and contracting phase of the first half of each exercise, as a positive
force is made in the repetition. This is where strength and muscle size is
created... if enough sets/ reps and intensity is applied.
eccentric portion of motion is the negative or releasing phase of the second
half of each repetition performed. This is where muscular endurance, density
and control are created. This isotonic action is generally most responsible for
the soreness you feel the next day.
type of contraction can be used to stimulate some further muscle growth; this
also increases the pump, muscle shape and its definition.
Resistance training umbrellas 4 Broad based categories:
Free weight resistance: has 2 basic exercise groups:
Compound Exercises: often involve bilateral movements with the use of the barbell, compound often means more than one muscle group assists in each lift. This assisting action from multiple muscle groups, allows for more resistance to be used, ultimately increasing strength and muscle definition e.g.
The Barbell Bench Press – shoulders, chest and triceps
Barbell Squat – quadriceps, shoulders, lower back Hamstrings and glutes
Barbell Deadlifting – shoulders, biceps/forearms, back hamstrings and glutes
Standing Barbell Military Press – shoulders lower back, traps, triceps and legs
Barbell Bent over Row – upper and lower back, traps and biceps/forearms
Barbell Lunges – hamstrings, quadriceps and glutes
5 – 7, for building and increasing Strength
10 – 12, for increasing hypertrophy or muscle size
15 – 20, rep range will ultimately increase endurance
As the name suggests are resistance exercises for isolating specific muscle groups, often used by bodybuilders to increase and enhance the look, shape/size of a particular area of a muscle belly.
These exercises are not as important to use in the beginning – until enough muscle mass has been obtained to shape or enhance into the desired contour that the athlete has set his or her goal towards, here are a few examples.
Isolation training where free weights are concerned can often be performed unilaterally with dumbbells, making a strong momentary contraction at the termination point of each exercise.
Dumbbell Flys – to enhance inner and outer pectoral development
Seated Concentration Curls – to enhance the lower and mid biceps peak
Seated or Standing Dumbbell Laterals – to enhance the mid and rear deltoids
Incline Dumbbell Press – to enhance the upper and inner pectorals
Body Weight Training:
Body weight training’s degree of difficulty varies from how
much total body weight is used as resistance in each exercise, like:
Wide Grip Chins
Parallel Bar Dips
- these exercises use the entire weight of the body, producing great strength and shaping movements, but a strong athletic ability is needed.
Other body weight exercises don’t encompass as much body weight resistance allowing for a little less athletic ability such as:
Rope pulls etc.
Most gyms carry a wide verity of weight machines; machines
are a great, safe even fun way to preform resistance training. Machines vary in
there nature as to what areas of the body you what to target.
I personally have built a good deal of weight training equipment over the years and I would break machines down into 2 categories:
Machines for increasing muscle and strength:
Often these use a single hinge point or a roller or sleeved bearing system.
Angled leg or Vertical leg press and Smith machines increase quadriceps leg strength... if enough resistance is used.
Other hinged machine systems that do a good job of taxing your strength reserves are the bent–over T-bar row or the Standing calf raise machines also are good choices to build muscle size and strength in these areas.
Cable, pulley and cam based machines: also provide great resistance, cable machines pick-up where free weights leave-off; meaning: cable machines often stimulate body parts that can’t be reached effectively through free weight training.
Cable machines allow the athletes nervous system time to focus on the contraction changing training stimulation and intensity from that of free weights.
Stabilizer muscles don’t come into play as intense as they do where free weights are concerned, cable machines produce strength, shape and muscle tone.
Using cable-based, Lat - machines provides endless verity with different attachments.
Wide-grip Cable Pull-downs provide great resistance/stimulation to the outer and upper back muscles, narrower grips often stimulate the biceps and mid back muscles, whereas...
seated cable rows with a narrow-grip attachment, produces strength and muscle size across the upper back through the great stretch achieved from this movement.
Cable leg extension machines typically isolate the front quadriceps muscles, whereas cable curls isolate the rear leg biceps.
Often - advanced lifters use free weights to stimulate the biggest body parts first; then graduate to cable machines as greater fatigue sets in, allowing the athlete to focus deeper on muscle movement.
What is resistance training? its using whats available; if a gym is not in your area, you can achieve this anywhere, with anything. If all you have is rocks, bricks or bags of sand use them: or if you don't? You can use body weight exercises.
If you need more resistance to increase strength, lift pails of water or paint, lift tires or slide a tire or two onto a metal or wooden bar, to mimic a barbell or dumbbell. You can even use a tree branch for pull-ups, rubber bands, bungee cords or a medicine ball: it all provides resistance.
If happen you live near a community park you can use some of the apparatuses there to challenge yourself. I don't know how many excuses I've heard over the years from people complaining and procrastinating, (they have no equipment or cant find the time).
Equipment lies in creativity: time is not something you find... time is something you make.
No matter what you use it's all resistance training, from the time we get out of bed and start each day, just having gravity's force on us is taxing by days end. building a resistance to gravity is a means to increase your strength, which in turn, makes each day easier.
Resistance training has endless verity and possibilities, it really depends on what your goal is: if you want to increase total body strength and muscle, Free weight compound exercises using barbells would be a great place to start.
If your young and cannot afford expensive gym memberships or maybe you want to work out at home, or are a little self-conscious of using a gym; body weight exercises might be a great avenue to explore.
Ultimately what is resistance training - can be answered by: what do you what to get from it? Match the type of resistance to your athletic goal and don’t give up on your dream of self-improvement.
Interchange exercises with different ones, change the angle, (foot and hand position) including the resistance, the more persistent and progressive you are at any resistance training the greater the results will be reflected by the mirror. Above all resistance training is about creativity, change, verity and some fun...
So include all of them. DWT